Batı ve Doğu’da yüz anlatımlarının göstergebilimi


Özet Görüntüleme: 41 / PDF İndirme: 20

Yazarlar

  • Massimo Leone Turin Üniversitesi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11065945

Anahtar Kelimeler:

Yüz, göstergebilim, adli tıp, parmak izi, yapay zekâ

Özet

Toplumlarda, özellikle de kolluk kuvvetlerinde kimlik tespitinin gerekliliği, suçluların kimliklerini gizleme veya değiştirme çabaları ile toplumun bu tür aldatmacaları ortaya çıkarma çabaları arasında tarihsel bir etkileşim yaratmıştır. Göstergeleri inceleyen göstergebilim, adli tıp ve suç bilimi de dahil olmak üzere bu bulma ve kimlik belirleme yöntemlerinin anlaşılmasında çok önemlidir. Tarihsel olarak yüz, önemli bir tanımlayıcı olmuştur ancak adli tıpta güvenilirliği sorgulanmış; Çin, Japonya ve Hindistan’daki uygulamalardan esinlenerek parmak izinin benimsenmesine yol açmıştır. Dijital çağın gelişiyle birlikte, parmak izi dijital bir biçime dönüştü ve şimdi yerini yüz tanıma yöntembilimlerine bırakmaktadır. Dijital adli yapay zekâ (AI) bağlamında yüz incelemesine olan bu dönüş ile göstergebilim, yüz çözümlemesinin ortaya çıkarılması ve incelenmesinde yardımcı olabileceği gibi çeşitli toplumsal ve yetişimsel önyargıları da beraberinde getirmektedir

Referanslar

Ambrosio, C. (2016). Composite Photographs and the Quest for Generality: Themes from Peirce and Galton. Critical Inquiry, 42(3), 547-579.

Ashbaugh, D. R. (1999). Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis: An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Ridgeology. CRC Press.

Barbieri-Low, A. (2011). Model Legal and Administrative Forms from the Qin, Han, and Tang and Their Role in the Facilitation of Bureaucracy and Literacy. Oriens Extremus, 50, 125-156.

Beavan, C. (2002). Fingerprints: The Origins of Crime Detection and the Murder Case that Launched Forensic Science. Hyperion.

Bedos-Rezak, B. M. (2011). When Ego Was Imago: Signs of Identity in the Middle Ages. Brill.

Belting, H. (2013). Faces: Eine Geschichte des Gesichts. C.H. Beck.

Berry, J. & Stoney, D. A. (2001). History and Development of Fingerprinting. In H. C. Lee & R. E. Gaensslen (Eds.), Advances in Fingerprint Technology. CRC Press.

Bertillon, A. (1885). Identification anthropométrique: Instructions signalétiques. Typographie-lithographie Administrative.

Bertillon, A. (1888). Sur le fonctionnement du service des signalements anthropométriques. A. Storck.

Bertillon, A. (1890). La photographie judiciaire: Avec un appendice sur la classification et l’identification anthropométriques. Gauthier-Villars.

Bertoloni Meli, D. (2011). Mechanism, Experiment, Disease: Marcello Malpighi and Seventeenth-century Anatomy. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Bidloo, G. (1685). Anatomia humani corporis, centum & quinque tabulis, per artificiossis. G. de Lairesse ad vivum delineatis, demonstrata, veterum recentiorumque inventis explicata plurimisque, hactenus non detectis, illustrata. Sumptibus viduæ J. a Someren.

Boehm, G., vd. (Ed.). (2015). Gesicht und Identität / Face and Identity. Wilhelm Fink Verlag.

Botha, T. (2008). The Girl with the Crooked Nose: A Tale of Murder, Obsession and Forensic Artistry. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Burke, P. (2006). Eyewitnessing: The Uses of Images as Historical Evidence. Reaktion Books.

Calder, A. J., vd. (Ed.). (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press.

Campbell, N., vd. (2017). Underworld: Mugshots from the Roaring Twenties. Sydney Living Museums.

Carrabine, E., Brisman, A., & South, N. (2017). Visual Criminology. In The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts. Routledge. (ss. 411-414).

Celentino, J. C. (2016). Face-to-Face with Facial Recognition Evidence: Admissibility under the Post-Crawford Confrontation Clause. Michigan Law Review, 114(7), 1317-1353.

Chavannes, É.-É. (1913). Review of History of the Finger-Print System by Berthold Laufer. T’oung Pao, Second Series, 14(4), 490-491.

Chokkadi, S., vd. (2019). A Study on Various State of the Art of the Art Face Recognition System Using Deep Learning Techniques. ArXiv.org, 8(4), 1590-1600.

Cole, S. A. (2001). Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification. Harvard University Press.

Cole, S. A. (2005). Does ‘Yes’ Really Mean Yes? The Attempt to Close Debate on the Admissibility of Fingerprint Testimony. Jurimetrics, 45(4), 449-464.

Cole, S. A., Goodman, N., & Stern, S. (2017). The Science of Identity. In The Routledge Research Companion to Law and Humanities in Nineteenth-Century America. Routledge. (ss. 225-241).

Colombo, G. (2000). La scienza infelice: Il museo di antropologia criminale di Cesare Lombroso. Turin: Bollati Boringhieri.

Coppola, A. (2013). ‘Without the Help of Glasses’: The Anthropocentric Spectacle of Nehemiah Grew’s Botany. The Eighteenth Century, 54(2), 263-277.

Cryle, P., & Stephens, E. (2017). The Dangerous Person as a Type: Criminal Anthropology, C. 1880–1900. In Normality: A Critical Genealogy. University of Chicago Press. (ss. 180-211).

Cummins, H. (1941). Ancient Finger Prints in Clay. The Scientific Monthly, 52(5), 389-402.

Cummins, H., & Kennedy, R. W. (1940). Purkinje’s Observations (1823) on Finger Prints and Other Skin Features. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 31(3), 343-356.

Danesi, M. (2013). Signs of Crime: Introducing Forensic Semiotics. De Gruyter.

Décugis, J.-M. (2019). Affaire du « faux Le Drian » : sept escrocs présumés renvoyés devant le tribunal. Le Parisien. Erişim linki: http://www.leparisien.fr/faits-divers/escroquerie-au-faux-le-drian-sept-escrocs-presumes-renvoyes-devant-le-tribunal-19-09-2019-8155674.php

Eastwood, E. B., & Smith, B. W. (2005). Fingerprints of the Khoekhoen: Geometric and Handprinted Rock Art in the Central Limpopo Basin, Southern Africa. Goodwin Series, 9, 63-76.

Eco, U. (1975). Trattato di semiotica generale. Bompiani.

Eco, U., & Sebeok, T. A. (1983). The Sign of Three: Dupin, Holmes, Peirce (Advances in Semiotics). Indiana University Press.

Ekman, P. (1973). Darwin and Facial Expression: A Century of Research in Review. Academic Press.

Ekman, P. (Ed.). (2003). Emotions Inside Out: 130 Years after Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. New York Academy of Sciences.

Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1975). Unmasking the Face: A Guide to Recognizing Emotions from Facial Clues. Prentice-Hall.

Ellenbogen, J. (2012). Reasoned and Unreasoned Images: The Photography of Bertillon, Galton, and Marey. Pennsylvania State University Press.

Faulds, H. (1880). On the Skin-Furrows of the Hand. Nature, 22, 605.

Faulds, H. (1905). Guide to Finger Print Identification. Wood Mitchell and Co. Ltd.

Faulds, H. (1912). Dactylography; or, The Study of Finger-Prints. Milner & Company; Raglan Works.

Faulds, H. (1923). A Manual of Practical Dactylography. “Police Review” Publishing.

Finn, J., Brown, M., & Carrabine, E. (2017). Making the Criminal Visible: Photography and Criminality. In E. Carrabine, A. Brisman, & N. South (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts. Routledge. (ss. 121-134).

Fitzherbert, A. (1992). The Palmist’s Companion: A History and Bibliography of Palmistry. Scarecrow Press.

Franke, A., Weizman, E., & Haus Der Kulturen Der Welt. (2014). Forensis: The Architecture of Public Truth. Sternberg Press.

Frati, C. (1960). Bibliografia Malpighiana. Catalogo descrittivo delle opere a stampa di Marcello Malpighi e degli scritti che lo riguardano. Dawson’s of Pall Mall.

García Ferrari, M. (2015). Marcas de identidad: Juan Vucetich y el surgimiento transnacional de la dactiloscopia (1888-1913) (Historia De La Ciencia, 9). Prohistoria Ediciones.

Garrett, B. (2003). Vitalism and Teleology in the Natural Philosphy of Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712). British Journal for the History of Science, 36, 63-81.

Gramigna, R. (2019). Augustine’s Theory of Signs, Signification, and Lying. De Gruyter.

Grew, N. (1684). The Description and Use of the Pores in the Skin of the Hands and Feet. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 14, 566-567.

Haber, L., & Haber, R. N. (2009). Challenges to Fingerprints. Lawyers & Judges Publishing.

Hawting, G. R., & University of London, SOAS. (2005). Muslims, Mongols and Crusaders: An Anthology of Articles Published in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Routledge.

Henry, E. R. (1900). The Classification and Use of Fingerprints. George Routledge and Sons.

Herschel, W. J. (1916). The Origin of Finger-Printing. Oxford University Press.

Ijpma, F. F. A., & Van Gulik, T. M. (2013). Bidloo’s and De Lairesse’s Early Illustrations of the Anatomy of the Arm (1690): A Successful Collaboration between a Prominent Physician and a Talented Artist. Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), 38(1), 97-99.

Jørgensen, H. (1922). Distant Identification. Arnold Busck.

Kollmann, A. (2018). Mit fremden Federn: Eine kleine Geschichte der Hochstapelei. Hoffmann Und Campe.

Laufer, B. (1913). History of the Finger-Print System. Smithsonian Institution.

Laufer, B. (1917). Concerning the History of Finger-Prints. Science, 45(1169), 504-505.

Le Fanu, W. R. (1990). Nehemiah Grew, M.D., F.R.S.: A Study and Bibliography of His Writings. St Paul’s Bibliographies; Omnigraphics.

Leone, M. (2010). The Sacred, (In)Visibility, and Communication: An Inter-Religious Dialogue between Goethe and Hāfez. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 21(4), 373-384.

Leone, M. (2011). Sulla chiromanzia. In G. M. De Maria (Ed.), Ieri, oggi, domani: Saggi sulla previsione nelle scienze umane. Aracne. (ss. 107-122).

Leone, M. (2019a). Rostros populares, rostros populistas: para una semiótica de la efigie heroica (el caso de José Gervasio Artigas). In L. Escudero, E. Manero, & J. Corvalán (Eds.), Populismo(s): Intersecciones en las Ciencias Sociales, monographic issue of deSignis, journal of the Latin American Federation for Semiotics, 31, 171-179.

Leone, M. (2019b). Brève histoire topologique du monde : de la muraille au reseau. La Thérésienne, Revue de l’Académie royale de Belgique, special issue on “Les frontières de la re-présentation”, 7-19. Erişim linki: https://popups.uliege.be:443/2593-4228/index.php?id=632

Margot, P., & Quinche, N. (2010). Coulier, Paul-Jean (1824-1890): A Precursor in the History of Fingermark Detection and their Potential Use for Identifying their Source (1863). Journal of Forensic Identification, 60(2), 129-134.

Masciotta, M. (1949). Le Mani Nella Pittura (Collana Mirabilia). Electa.

Mastellari, V., Hatton, N., & Hobe, S. (Eds.). (2019). Hacks, Quacks & Impostors: Affected and Assumed Identities in Literature (Rombach Wissenschaft. Reihe Paradeigmata Bd. 53). Rombach Verlag.

Minelli, G. (1987). All’origine della biologia moderna. La vita di un testimone e protagonista: Marcello Malpighi nell’Università di Bologna. Jaca Book.

Mortensen, M. (2012). Kampen Om Ansigtet: Fotografi Og Identifikation. Museum Tusculanums Forlag, Københavns Universitet.

Nawara, J. (2011). Note, Machine Learning: Face Recognition Technology Evidence in Criminal Trials. U. Louisville L. Rev., 49, 604-607.

Ortiz-Bacon, D.L., & Swanson, C.L. (2013). Fingerprint Sciences. In J. Siegel & P. Saukko (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, 4. Elsevier. (ss. 153-158).

Paton, A. (2001). ‘Fingerprint’ Faulds: The Rehabilitation of Henry Faulds (1843–1930). Journal of Medical Biography, 9(3), 132-136. Petr, M., & Ivana, K. (2015). Hairstyles Modeling for Police Identikits. In Proceedings of the 31st Spring Conference on Computer Graphics. (ss. 151-158).

Philips, T. (2019, August 6). Brazil Gang Leader Found Dead in Cell after Masked Jailbreak Attempt. The Guardian. Erişim linki: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/aug/06/brazil-gang-leader-clauvino-da-silva-found-dead-in-cell-after-masked-jailbreak-attempt

Piazza, P. (Ed.). (2011). Aux Origines De La Police Scientifique : Alphonse Bertillon, Précurseur De La Science Du Crime. Karthala.

Piccinni, G., & Travaini, L. (2003). Il libro del pellegrino: Siena, 1382-1446: Affari, uomini, monete nell’ospedale di Santa Maria Della Scala. Liguori.

Polson, C. J. (1950). Finger Prints and Finger Printing. An Historical Study. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1931-1951), 41(4), 495-517.

Polson, C. J. (1951). Finger Prints and Finger Printing. An Historical Study (Concluded). Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1931-1951), 41(5), 690-704.

Quinche, N. (2006). Crime, science et identité : Anthologie des textes fondateurs de la criminalistique européenne, 1860-1930. Slatkine.

Rhodes, H. T. F. (1956). Alphonse Bertillon: Father of Scientific Detection. Legal Classics Library. Abelard-Schuman.

Roth, M. P. (2018). A History of Crime and the American Criminal Justice System. Routledge.

Sabattini, G. (1946). Bibliografia di opere antiche e moderne di chiromanzia e sulla chiromanzia: Con notizie biografiche sui principali autori: cinque tavole fuori testo. Nironi & Prandi.

Schofield, P. R. (2015). Seals and Their Context in the Middle Ages. Oxbow Books.

Scott, K. (1973). The Successors of Genghis Khan (Rashid Al-Din Tabib, Çev.). Columbia University Press.

Sekula, A. (1986). The Body and the Archive. October, 39, 3-64.

Sengoopta, C. (2004). Imprint of the Raj: How Fingerprinting Was Born in Colonial India. Pan.

Shimbun, C. (2018, October 13). Superrealistic Face Masks by Japan Firm Attract Attention from Facial-Recognition System Developers. The Japan Times. Erişim linki: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/11/05/national/superrealistic-face-masks-japan-firm-attract-attention-facial-recognition-system-developers/#.XiRlThfSKu4

Sporer, S. L. (2001). Recognizing Faces of Other Ethnic Groups: An Integration of Theories. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 7(1), 36-97.

Thomas, R. R. (1999). Detective Fiction and the Rise of Forensic Science (Cambridge Studies in Nineteenth-century Literature and Culture, 26). Cambridge University Press.

US FBI. (1977). The Identification Division of the FBI: A Brief Outline of the History, the Services, and the Operating Techniques of the World’s Greatest Repository of Fingerprints. Federal Bureau of Investigation. US Dept. of Justice.

Van de Water, M. (1936). Can Fingerprints Be Forged? The Science News-Letter, 29(774), 90-92.

Vignot, E., & Sérullaz, A. (2010). La Main dans l’art. Citadelles & Mazenod.

West, K. (2017). Visual Criminology and Lombroso: In Memory of Nicole Rafter (1939–2016). Theoretical Criminology, 21(3), 271-287.

Whatley, L. (2019). A Companion to Seals in the Middle Ages. Brill.

Wilkins, A. S. (2017). Making Faces: The Evolutionary Origins of the Human Face. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Young, K. (2017). Bunk: The Rise of Hoaxes, Humbug, Plagiarists, Phonies, Post-facts, and Fake News. Graywolf Press.

Yuan, H. (2018). The Sinitic Civilization Book II: A Factual History through the Lens of Archaeology, Bronzeware, Astronomy, Divination, Calendar and the Annals. iUniverse.

Zhao, X. X., & Liu, C. G. (1989). The Historical Application of Hand Prints in Chinese Litigation. Fingerprint World, 14(55), 84-88.

İndir

Yayınlanmış

30-04-2024

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Leone, M. (2024). Batı ve Doğu’da yüz anlatımlarının göstergebilimi. TAMGA-Türkiye Göstergebilim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(Özel Sayı/ Special Issue/ Issue Specialé), 29–42. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11065945